The kitchen was the room where most of the time was spent.
Inside of it, the fireplace took the most important place.The
woman was considered the queen of it.
Close to the fireplace there was the oven, used to cook the
bread and the "fornacelle" (a brickwork oven)
where usually was placed a terracotta pan to prepare the ragout,
to cook the meat of other food. The macaroni, the vegetables,
the polenta and other food where cooked in the cauldron, placed
on the fire, which was always stoked by logs or firewood, depending
In winter, the best place near the fireplaced was reserved to
The grandmother was assigned to control the cooking of food,
and, while she was knitting, she also rocked the new-born babies.
To warm up was also used the brazier, that was placed in the
middle of the room or under the table, during the meals. The
feet were laid on its edges to warm up.
In the coldest days, the children brought to school also smaller
On the fireplace were lined up many different items: lids and
wood forks, the clock and the salt shaker, the pictures of saints
and the oil-lamps.
In every kitchen there were also exposed copper items of different
shape and size: vessels, ladles, baking pans, buckets, basins,
etc plus frying pans of different size, the barley roaster,
the plate rack. The sideboard, with the glass surrounded by
photographs and holy pictures, contained the most valuable and
less exposed to daily consumption sets of glasses, cutlery,
terracotta plates and bowls, enamelled iron and alluminium plates.
In one corner of the kitchen there was the "conca"
(copper container tipycal of Abruzzo), used to carry and to
store the water drawn from the well or the fountain. In another
corner there was the kneading trough, where the flour was worked
to make the bread, and where it was stored.
In the middle of the room was placed a big table used for meals,
it was the most useful piece of forniture: it was used to treat
the flour, to gather the dough, to to roll out the sheet of
pasta and to pass it on the "chitarra", to
make the sweet things, etc.
Around the table and laid at the wall there were chairs with
a woven straw seat and small chairs for the younger, with a
hole for their physical need.
Hanging up the ceiling or on the wall there were dryers for